Ch.7: British Arrival in Sub-Continent
Q1: Why did British open their centres in
Ans: The British opened their trade centers in
to expand their trade. For this purpose the 1st trade center was established in 1608 A.D at India Surat near . The company did not trade but also indulged in local political affairs. By getting facilities by Mughal Kings. British continued their conspiracies against Muslims and with the passage of time they became rulers of sub-continent. Bombay
Q2: Why was Sirajuddaula not like the company’s employees?
Ans: Sirrajuddaula was not liked by East India Company’s employees because Sirajuaddaula followed the policies of Ali Vardi Khan. Ali vardi khan advised Sirajuddaula not to allow British to keep army or build forts in
Bengal. Sirajuddaula fought against British and snatched Qasim Bazar and red fort of William. So, Sirrajudduala was sign of alarm for British. That’s why they did not like him.
Q3: Give some reasons for the defeat of Sarajuddaula in the battle of Plassey?
Ans: Sirajuddaula was defeated in the battle of Plassey due to traitors like Lutf Khan and Mir Jafar. In battle field Sirajuddaula had an early success but then treachery and shameful faithfulness of Mir Jafar turned the tables on the Nawab. Withdrawal of the unit of many the Sardars produced panic in Nawab’s ranks and as result Clive won the battle.
Q4: What steps did Mir Qasim take to crush power of British?
Ans: Mir Qasim was appointed by British. In start he pleased British by providing them lands also transferred districts to
East India company. After reassembling his army he crushed the rebellious sardars. Mir Qasim shifted his capital from Bengal to Bihar. He wanted to become strong enough. To be able to oust the British from . Mir Qasim had become strong, but the British defeated him through intrigues with sardars. India
Q5: How far if true that if Hyder Ali had not died after the 2nd masore war the history of
would have been written differently? India
Ans: Hyder Ali was born in 1722 at masore. From early childhood he received through training in the art of welfare. Hyder Ali was great soldier, a great statesman and a large hearted person. His treatment towards Hindus was enviable. Hyder Ali conquered the adjoining territories and turned masore into a formidable kingdom. He sent his army under the leadership of Tipu to attack the fort of mangalore. The British were defeated and they ran away from mangalore. After it Tipu conquered the fort of Tanjore and defeated the British army and made many prisoners. Hyder Ali was inficting crushing defeats and forced Colonel Bailey. On his way to Arakot Hyder Ali fell ill and died. Hence, it is app to say that if Hyder Ali had not died history of
would have been written differently. India
Q6: What measure did Fateh Ali Tipu take to oust the British and why did he not succeed?
Ans: After the death of Hyder Ali, his talented and lion hearted son ascended the throne of
in 1782. before dying Hyder Ali advised his son not to rest until the British had been hunted out of mysore . The war was still on when Tipu became the Sultan. He increased the tempo and inflicted defeat after defeat on the British. After some time the British and Tipu made a treaty by which they turned each other’s territories and the prisnors of war were released. Lard India attacked on Sarangapatam with a big army. The Sultan fought with great valour. His motto was ‘it is better to live for a day like a lion than to exist for 100 years like a jackal’. Unfortunately, the Sultan received a bullet in the head and died. When the English commander heared of the Sultan’s death, he cried with joy “Today India is ours”. Wellesley
Q1: How did
movement start? Pakistan
movement did not start abruptly. It grew out of necessity, slowly and gradually. Pakistan
Q2: What steps did Hindus take after war of
Ans: The Hindus soon learnt English language, adopted the western way of living and occupied important government posts.
Q3: Who led Muslims in ‘Simla deputation’?
Ans: Sir Agha Khan led Muslims in Simla deputation.
Q4: When ‘Simla deputation’ took place?
Ans: Simla deputation took place on
October 1, 1906.
Q5: When Muslims were granted the separate electorate right?
Ans: Muslims were granted separate electorate rights in 1909.
Q6: When Minto-Morley reforms were introduced?
Ans: It was enforced in 1909.
Q7: When was Indian National Congress founded?
Ans: Indian National Congress was founded in 1885.
Q8: Who advised Muslims to stay away from Congress?
Ans: Sir Syed Ahmed Khan advised Muslims to stay away from Congress.
Q9: When Muslim League came into being?
Ans: Muslim League came into being in 1906.
Q10: What were the objectives of Muslim League?
Ans: The objectives of Muslims league were to safeguard and promote interests of the Muslims of India and also strive for better understanding among different communities of
particularly the British. India
Q11: When partition of
Ans: The partition of
Bengal happened in 1905.
Q12: Why Hindus were unhappy by partition of
Ans: Because, they were not prepared to tolerate any such step which benefited the Muslims.
Q13: When partition of
Bengal was annulled?
Ans: Partition of
Bengal was annulled in 1911.
Q14: When Quaid-e-Azam joined Muslim League?
Ans: Quaid-e-Azam joined Muslim League in 1913.
Q15: What title was given to Quaid-e-Azam?
Ans: “Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity”.
pact drew up? Lucknow
pact drew up in 1916. Lucknow
Q17: What was the purpose of
Ans: Both Muslims and Hindus wanted to get rid of British. So , it was need of time to be unite.
Q18: What Hindus accepted in
Ans: The Hindus accepted the right of separate electorate to the Muslims.
Q19: In first world war who sided with
Ans: In first world war,
Turkey sided with . Germany
Q20: Which was the biggest empire at the time of first world war?
Ans: In first world war,
was the biggest empire. Turkey
Q21: What promise was taken by British to
Ans: The promise was that they would not do any harm to the Holy places of Muslims.
was called mockingly? Turkey
Turkey was called “sick man of Europe”.
Q23: Who proved a great leader for
Ans: Mustafa Kamal Ataturk proved great leader for
Q24: What was Rowlatt Act?
Ans: After first world war , the British government enacted a law know as Rowlatt act by which any person could be imprisoned without filling a suit against him.
Q25: Who led to anti-British demonstrations?
Ans: Rowlatt act led to country wide anti-British demonstration.
Q26: Who ordered to open fire on unarmed public?
Ans: A British army office, General Dyer opened fire on unarmed public.
Q27: When British government introduced constitutional reforms in
Ans: The British government introduced constitutional reforms in
in 1919. India
Q28: Which incident set in motion a wave of hatered against British?
Ans: Incident of Jalianwala killings.
Q29: When Simon commission was sent by British?
Ans: The British sent ‘Simon Commission’ in 1927.
Q30: Who led Simon Commission?
Ans: John Simon led Simon Commission.
Q31: Under which chairmanship all parties got together?
Ans: All parties got together under the leadership of Moti Lal Nahru.
Q32: When Nehru report was forwarded?
Ans: After Simon Commission failure, Nehru report was forwarded in 1928.
Q33: Why Muslims were disappointed by Nehru Report?
Ans: Because, the report did not reflect the aspiration of Muslims.
Q34: What did Nehru Report clearly indicated?
Ans: The report clearly indicated that the inner mind of Hindus that they wanted to bring Muslims under control of them permanently.
Q35: Why Quaid-e-Azam gave his fourteen points?
Ans: To explain the view point of Muslims Quaid-e-Azam gave his fourteen points.
Q36: When Quaid-e-Azam gave his fourteen points?
Ans: In 1929, after Nahru report Quaid-e-Azam gave his fourteen points.
Q37: Who presided in annual meeting of Muslim League in 1930?
Ans: Allama Muhammad Iqbal presided in annual meeting in 1930.
meeting was held? Allahabad
meeting was held in 1930. Allahabad
Q39: Which provinces was demanded by Allama Iqbal to be included in one state?
Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan should be combined in one state.
Q40: Where round table conferences were held?
Ans: Round table conferences were held in
Q41: Why did British call round table conferences?
Ans: Round table conferences were held to work out some of the problems that had disputed the political atmosphere of the sub-contnent.
Q42: Why congress started “Civil disobedience movement”?
Ans: “Civil disobedience movement” was started because government did not agree to their unjust demands.
Q43: When and where the 1st round table conference was held?
Ans: The 1st round table conference was held in
in December, 1930. London
Q44: When communal award was enforced?
Ans: Communal award was enforced in 1932.
Q45: What was
Ans: Mr.Ambedkar could not withstand the pressure and finally signed a treaty known as “
Q46: Where 3rd round table conference was held?
Ans: 3rd round table conference was held in November, 1932.
Q47: When a new law was enacted in sub-continent?
Ans: Government act of
was enacted in 1935. India
Q48: Who won the elections after 1935 act?
Ans: Congress won the elections after 1935 act.
Q49: What happened to Urdu language after 1937 congress ministries?
Ans: Urdu was replaced by Hindi.
Q50: When did second world war start?
Ans: The second world war started in 1939.
Q51: When did Muslims celebrate “deliverance day”?
Ans: Muslims celebrated deliverance day on 22nd December, 1939.
Q52: Where annual meeting of Muslim league was held?
Ans: Annual meeting of Muslim league was held in Iqbal park.
Q53: When were
resolution was moved? Pakistan
resolution was moved on March 23rd 1940. Pakistan
Q54: What were purposes of Cripps mission?
Ans: Cripps mission’s purposes were “take it or leave it principle”.
Q55: Who led the Cripps mission?
Ans: Sir Stafford Cripps led Cripps mission.
Q56: Why did Muslim league reject the proposal?
Ans: The Muslims league rejected the proposal because no guarantee was given that the right of Muslims would be safeguard.
Q57: Who was appointed viceroy of
in 1944? India
Ans: Lord Wavell was appointed viceroy of
Q58: When general elections were held?
Ans: In the winter of 1945 elections were held.
Q59: Who won the elections in 1946?
Ans: Muslim league won the election in 1946.
Q61: Who were the members of cabinet mission?
Ans: Lord Patich Lawrence, Sir
Stafford Cripps and A.V Alexander.
Q62: Who became the minister of finance?
Ans: Liaqat Ali Khan became the minister of finance.
Q63: Who was appointed viceroy of
on place of Lord Wavell? India
Ans: Lord Mountbatten was appointed viceroy of
Q64: Who moved
Ans: Molvi Fazal Haque moved
Q65: In which paln partition of sub-continent was decided?
Ans: June 3 plan.
Q66: Which province was given an option to held a referendum?
Ans: N.W.F.P was given an option to held referendum.
Q67: Who became the chairman of boundary commission?
Ans: Sir Radcliff became the chairman of boundary commission.
Q68: When sub-continent was devided into parts?
Ans: On 14th, August 1947 subcontinent was divided into 2 parts.
Q69: Who was appointed as a first governor general of
Ans: Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the first governor general of
Q70: What were the principles of Quaid-e-Azam?
Ans: Principles of Unity, Faith and discipline.